Friday, March 20, 2009

Secrets of Malbec : Aroma of Violet

violet flowerAmong the many Malbec aromas, there is one that is almost its sign: The aroma of Violet.

It is one of the few floral aromas of red wines. For Cahors wines, it is the mark of great terroirs and grape harvested at very good maturity. Very similar to the blackcurrant aroma, it can be confused with it.

You can find it in the Château Paillas and especially in the vintage 2002.

The flower needs a well drained limestone ground to blossom in spring ... in the vineyards of Château Paillas.

Thursday, March 12, 2009

Malolactic fermentation

After the alcoholic fermentation (where yeasts transform sugar into alcohol), a second fermentation is triggered, caused by bacteria also naturally present in wine : the malolactic fermentation. As its name suggests it, this fermentation transforms the malic acid (found also in other fruits such as apples) into lactic acid, less strong, which will soften the wine and thus reduce its astringency.

This fermentation is conducted in all red or white long ageing wines (because it causes the birth of new flavors) and so in Cahors Malbec wines, but ruled out in white or rosé wines to drink younger because they must keep acidity that gives them the freshness and retain their primary aromas. Finally, once the fermentation achieved, the wines are less prone to deterioration or organoleptic deviations.

Our 2008 vintage, after a cold winter and due to rising temperatures, now begins its malolactic fermentation. This will take about 3 weeks then we will make a final racking, then a sulfitation to permanently protect the bacterial attacks such as "acescence" that causes the transformation of alcohol into vinegar !

Sunday, March 1, 2009

The return of spring

birds in the sky of floressasSpring is back in the sky of Château Paillas with noisy processions of migratory birds that spend summer back in Europe.

The vine will soon begin to grow and we hurry to complete the maintenance work to start tying canes (see our topic about it last year)